"As the government of the United States of America is not in any sense founded on the Christian religion; as it has in itself no character of enmity agaisnt the laws, religion, or tranquility, of Musselmen; and as the said States never have entered in to any war or act of hostility against an Mehomitan nation, it is declared by the parties that no pretext arising from religious opinions shall ever produce an interruption of the harmony existing between the two countries."
- Treaty of Peace and Friendship Between the United States of America and the Bey and Subjects of Tripoli, of Barbary, Article 11. Cited in Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America, Hunter Miller, ed., vol. 2, docs. 1-40: 1776-1818. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1931).